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Got Cannabis Questions? We Have the Answers!

Most Asked Cannabis Questions And Answers

The legality of cannabis varies significantly around the world and is subject to change as laws evolve. In some English-speaking countries, cannabis has been legalized for medical and/or recreational use, while in others it remains illegal or decriminalized. Legalization often comes with strict regulations concerning cultivation, distribution, possession, and consumption. It’s important for individuals to stay informed about the specific cannabis laws and regulations in their own country or region, as these laws can differ widely even within the same country. For detailed information relevant to your location, please refer to our in-depth articles discussing cannabis legality in various regions.

Cannabis has been studied for its potential medical benefits in treating a variety of conditions. Some of the key medical benefits associated with cannabis include pain relief, particularly for chronic pain; reduction of inflammation and relief from arthritis discomfort; management of nausea and vomiting, often related to chemotherapy treatments; and significant benefits in the management of anxiety and mood disorders. It’s also been used to help with sleep disorders and to improve appetite in conditions like HIV/AIDS and cancer. It’s important to note that while many users report positive effects, the efficacy and safety of cannabis can vary and should be discussed with a healthcare provider. Ongoing research continues to explore the full scope of its medical applications.

Yes, cannabis is widely recognized for its potential in pain management. It contains compounds like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) which have been found to have pain-relieving properties. These compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a key role in regulating pain, among other functions. Cannabis has been used to treat various types of pain, including chronic pain caused by conditions like arthritis, neuropathy, and fibromyalgia. However, it’s important for individuals considering cannabis for pain relief to consult with a healthcare provider to understand the best approach for their specific condition, as well as to be aware of the legal status of cannabis use in their region.

Cannabis affects the brain by interacting with the endocannabinoid system, a complex network of receptors found throughout the body. The active compounds in cannabis, primarily THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), bind to these receptors, influencing various neurological processes. THC, the psychoactive component, can alter perception, mood, consciousness, and cognitive functions, often resulting in a ‘high.’ It can also affect short-term memory and coordination. CBD, on the other hand, does not produce a psychoactive effect but may influence mood and reduce anxiety. The impact of cannabis on the brain varies based on factors like dosage, the strain of cannabis, the individual’s physiology, and frequency of use. Long-term effects, particularly in young people whose brains are still developing, are a subject of ongoing research. It’s crucial to use cannabis responsibly and be aware of its varied effects on the brain.

THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are both compounds found in cannabis, but they have different effects on the body. THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis, responsible for the ‘high’ feeling. It can affect mood, behavior, and cognition. THC is often used for its pain-relieving properties, appetite stimulation, and potential to reduce nausea.

CBD, on the other hand, does not produce a psychoactive effect. It’s known for its potential therapeutic benefits without the intoxication that THC can cause. CBD has been studied for its role in easing symptoms of conditions like anxiety, chronic pain, epilepsy, and inflammation.

While both compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, they do so in different ways, leading to their distinct effects. The balance of THC and CBD in a cannabis product can greatly influence its overall effect and suitability for different medical or recreational purposes.

Obtaining a medical cannabis card typically involves a process that can vary depending on the country and specific regional laws. Generally, the process includes:

  1. Consultation with a Healthcare Provider:
    You usually need to have a consultation with a licensed healthcare provider who is authorized to prescribe cannabis under the country’s medical cannabis program. This could be a doctor, a specialist, or another certified healthcare professional.
  2. Qualifying Conditions:
    Your healthcare provider will evaluate whether you have a qualifying medical condition that is approved for treatment with medical cannabis in your region. These conditions often include chronic pain, severe nausea, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and others, but the list can vary significantly.
  3. Application Process:
    If you’re eligible, the next step is usually to complete an application process. This might involve submitting a form to a government health department or a designated cannabis agency. The application could require personal details, proof of residency, and medical documentation or a recommendation from your healthcare provider.
  4. Fees:
    There may be a fee associated with the application for a medical cannabis card.
  5. Approval and Issuance:
    After your application is reviewed and approved, you’ll receive your medical cannabis card, which allows you to purchase medical cannabis from authorized dispensaries.

It’s important to research and understand the specific requirements and legalities in your region, as the process and legal status of medical cannabis can vary widely. Some regions may have online resources or helplines to assist with the application process.

It is highly unlikely to fatally overdose on cannabis. Unlike many other substances, a fatal overdose of cannabis is extremely rare. However, consuming a large amount of cannabis, especially for those who are not regular users or have a low tolerance, can lead to uncomfortable symptoms. These may include extreme confusion, anxiety, paranoia, panic attacks, hallucinations, increased heart rate, and nausea. These effects are generally temporary and tend to diminish as the effects of the cannabis wear off.

It’s important to use cannabis responsibly, especially when using edibles or other forms where dosing can be more challenging to gauge. Edibles, in particular, take longer to produce effects, which can lead to overconsumption as users may ingest more, thinking the initial dose was insufficient. Always start with a low dose and go slow, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the product or are a new user.

For those with underlying health conditions, particularly heart disorders, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare provider before using cannabis. While not typically fatal, cannabis overdose can be distressing and unpleasant, and caution should be exercised to use it safely and responsibly.

Cannabis use can have various side effects, and they may vary depending on the individual, the method of consumption, the amount consumed, and the frequency of use.

Common side effects include:

  1. Short-Term Memory Impairment:
    Cannabis, especially strains high in THC, can affect short-term memory during use.
  2. Altered Judgment and Decision Making:
    It can impair judgment and make it harder to make decisions or concentrate.
  3. Altered Perception of Time:
    Users often experience a subjective alteration of time perception.
  4. Mood Changes:
    Cannabis can cause mood changes, leading to feelings of relaxation, happiness, or euphoria, but sometimes anxiety or paranoia.
  5. Impaired Coordination and Motor Skills:
    This can impact activities like driving, operating machinery, or engaging in sports.
  6. Dry Mouth and Red Eyes:
    Common physical side effects include dry mouth and red, irritated eyes.
  7. Increased Appetite:
    Often referred to as ‘the munchies,’ it can increase hunger and food cravings.
  8. Drowsiness or Fatigue:
    Some users may feel sleepy or lethargic.
  9. Anxiety or Paranoia:
    Particularly at higher doses or in individuals not accustomed to cannabis.


Long-term or heavy use of cannabis can have additional effects, such as:

  1. Dependence:
    While not as addictive as many other substances, regular users can develop a dependence.
  2. Respiratory Issues:
    Smoking cannabis can harm lung and respiratory health over time.
  3. Mental Health Concerns:
    There’s ongoing research into the relationship between cannabis use and mental health conditions like depression or psychosis, particularly in young people or those with a family history of these conditions.


It’s important to use cannabis responsibly, be aware of its effects on your body and mind, and consult a healthcare professional, especially if you have pre-existing health conditions or are using other medications.

The duration that cannabis remains detectable in your system varies depending on several factors, including the frequency of use, the potency of the cannabis, the user’s metabolism, and the type of test being used. Generally:

  1. Urine Tests:
    Cannabis can be detected in urine for up to 3 days after occasional use. For regular users, it can be detectable for about 7 to 30 days or more.
  2. Blood Tests:
    THC, the active compound in cannabis, can be detected in the blood for several hours to a couple of days after use. However, THC metabolites are detectable for a longer period.
  3. Saliva Tests:
    In saliva, cannabis can generally be detected from about 1 hour after use and up to 24 to 48 hours. For regular users, this period may be longer.
  4. Hair Tests:
    Hair follicle tests can detect cannabis for up to 90 days or more after use, as substances like THC bind to hair cells.
  5. Factors Influencing Detection Time:
    Factors such as the amount and frequency of cannabis use, body fat percentage, overall metabolic rate, and hydration levels can influence how long cannabis stays detectable in the body.


It’s important to note that these time frames are approximate and can vary significantly from person to person. Also, the detection of cannabis in the system does not necessarily correlate with impairment.

Cannabis may have effects on anxiety and depression, but its role is complex and varies between individuals. Some key points to consider:

  1. Anxiety Relief:
    Many users report that cannabis, particularly strains high in CBD, can help reduce anxiety. CBD is known for its calming effects and does not cause the ‘high’ associated with THC.
  2. THC and Anxiety:
    While CBD might be helpful for anxiety, THC can sometimes increase anxiety or paranoia, especially in high doses or in individuals predisposed to these conditions.
  3. Depression:
    The relationship between cannabis and depression is complex. Some users find temporary relief of depressive symptoms with cannabis use, but there is not enough conclusive evidence to recommend it as a standard treatment for depression.
  4. Individual Reactions:
    The effects of cannabis can vary widely based on the individual’s biochemistry, the cannabis strain, the method of consumption, and the context of use.
  5. Long-term Effects:
    There is ongoing research into the long-term effects of cannabis use on mental health, including anxiety and depression. In some cases, chronic use may exacerbate underlying mental health issues.
  6. Medical Advice:
    It’s important for individuals with anxiety or depression to consult with a healthcare provider. Self-treating with cannabis may not address the underlying causes of these conditions and could potentially lead to adverse effects.

In summary, while some individuals report benefits from using cannabis to manage symptoms of anxiety and depression, it is not universally effective and may have varying effects. Professional medical advice and a comprehensive treatment plan are crucial for managing these mental health conditions.

Cannabis can be consumed in various ways, each with different effects and experiences. The most common methods include:

  • Smoking:
    The traditional method, involving inhaling the smoke from burning cannabis flowers. It includes joints, blunts, and using pipes or bongs.
  • Vaping:
    Involves heating cannabis flowers or concentrates to a temperature that vaporizes the active ingredients without burning the material. It’s perceived as a less harsh option compared to smoking.
  • Edibles:
    These are foods and drinks infused with cannabis. The effects of edibles take longer to manifest but can be more potent and longer-lasting compared to smoking or vaping.
  • Tinctures:
    Liquid cannabis extracts usually administered under the tongue. They offer a discrete and controlled dosage method, with effects typically felt faster than edibles.
  • Topicals:
    Cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils applied to the skin. Primarily used for localized relief (like pain or inflammation), they typically don’t produce psychoactive effects.
  • Capsules and Pills:
    Offering precise dosing, they are ingested and work similarly to edibles, with effects typically taking longer to be felt.
  • Dabbing:
    Involves inhaling vapor from cannabis concentrates quickly heated on a hot surface. It’s known for producing a potent effect and is generally recommended for more experienced users.
  • Suppositories:
    Cannabis-infused products introduced rectally or vaginally, often used for specific therapeutic benefits without significant psychoactive effects.

Each method has its unique onset time, duration of effects, and intensity, which can also vary based on the strain and individual physiology. It’s important to start with a small amount, especially for new users, and find the method that best suits your needs and preferences.

The legal age for cannabis use varies significantly between different countries and, in some cases, within regions or states within a country. Typically, the legal age aligns with the legal age for alcohol consumption in the region, which is commonly 18 or 21 years old. However, this age limit can differ based on the jurisdiction’s specific laws and regulations regarding cannabis.

In jurisdictions where cannabis has been legalized for recreational use, stringent regulations are often in place to prevent underage access and use. For medical cannabis, the rules might be different, and minors may access it under certain conditions, usually involving a prescription from a healthcare provider and sometimes requiring parental consent.

It’s crucial for individuals to familiarize themselves with the local cannabis laws in their specific area, as legal age requirements and other regulations regarding cannabis use can be subject to change and can vary widely from one place to another. Violating these age restrictions can result in legal consequences, so understanding and adhering to local laws is essential for lawful and responsible cannabis use.

Cannabis can interact with other medications, and these interactions can vary based on the type of medication, the specific cannabis compounds, and individual health factors. Some key points to consider include:

  • Altered Drug Efficacy:
    Cannabis might either enhance or diminish the effects of certain medications. For example, it might increase the sedative effects of some drugs, leading to heightened drowsiness or lethargy.
  • Impact on Drug Metabolism:
    The active compounds in cannabis, particularly THC and CBD, can affect how other drugs are metabolized by the liver. This can potentially alter the effectiveness and safety profile of these medications.
  • Blood Thinners:
    Cannabis can potentially interact with blood-thinning medications, affecting how blood clots.
  • Antidepressants, Anxiety Medications, and Painkillers:
    When combined with cannabis, these medications may have increased sedative effects, which can impact an individual’s alertness and coordination.
  • Seizure Medications:
    Cannabis, particularly CBD, is sometimes used in treating seizures. However, its interaction with other seizure medications requires careful monitoring.
  • Impact on Blood Pressure:
    Cannabis can affect blood pressure, which may be a concern when taken with medications that also impact blood pressure.

Given the complexity of these interactions, it’s crucial for individuals using cannabis, especially those considering it for medical purposes, to consult with a healthcare provider. This ensures that potential drug interactions are properly assessed and managed. It’s also important to inform the healthcare provider about the specific type of cannabis used (THC vs. CBD dominant) and the method of consumption, as these factors can influence interactions.

The difference between indica and sativa strains of cannabis is primarily based on their physical characteristics and the effects they tend to produce. It’s important to note that these categories are generalizations, and the effects can vary based on the specific strain and individual user.

Indica Strains:

  • Physical Characteristics:
    Indica plants are typically shorter, bushier, and have broader leaves. They usually grow faster and have a higher yield compared to sativa plants.
  • Effects:
    Indica strains are often associated with more pronounced body effects, such as relaxation and sedation. They are commonly used in the evening or before bed and may help with issues like insomnia, pain, and muscle tension.

Sativa Strains:

  • Physical Characteristics:
    Sativa plants are generally taller and thinner with narrower leaves. They tend to grow slower and require more light.
  • Effects:
    Sativa strains are usually linked with more cerebral effects, such as increased energy, creativity, and alertness. They are often preferred for daytime use and may help with conditions like depression, chronic fatigue, and mood disorders.


  • Many cannabis strains available today are hybrids, bred to combine traits from both indica and sativa varieties. Hybrids can range from being indica-dominant or sativa-dominant to balanced, offering a variety of effects tailored to different preferences and needs.

It’s important to remember that these distinctions can be somewhat subjective and the increasing complexity of strains and hybridization can lead to a wide spectrum of effects. Users’ experiences can vary based on their own biology, the specific strain’s cannabinoid and terpene profile, and other factors.

No, it is not safe or legal to drive after using cannabis. Cannabis can impair cognitive and motor functions, significantly affecting a person’s ability to drive safely. The effects include altered perception, impaired judgment, reduced coordination, and slowed reaction times. These impairments can increase the risk of accidents and reduce the driver’s ability to respond to unexpected situations on the road.

In many places, driving under the influence of cannabis is illegal and subject to similar legal penalties as driving under the influence of alcohol. Law enforcement may use various methods to test for impairment, including roadside tests and blood tests.

Even if you feel unimpaired, it’s important to remember that the psychoactive effects of cannabis, especially THC, can last several hours after consumption, and residual effects can last even longer. Therefore, it’s recommended to wait a significant amount of time after using cannabis before driving, with some experts suggesting a minimum wait time of at least several hours.

For those using cannabis for medical purposes, it’s especially important to understand how their medication affects their ability to drive and to discuss these effects with a healthcare provider.

Edibles are food products infused with cannabis. They can come in various forms, including baked goods, candies, chocolates, beverages, and more. Unlike smoking or vaping cannabis, edibles are consumed orally and have a different impact on the body.

How Edibles Work:

  • Digestion and Absorption:
    When you consume an edible, it passes through your digestive system. The active compounds in cannabis, primarily THC and CBD, are absorbed in the stomach and then processed by the liver.
  • Metabolization:
    In the liver, THC is converted into 11-hydroxy-THC, a potent compound that has a more intense and longer-lasting effect than THC. This process takes time, which is why the effects of edibles can take longer to manifest, typically ranging from 30 minutes to 2 hours.
  • Longer Duration:
    The effects of edibles last longer compared to smoking or vaping. They can last from 4 to 8 hours, sometimes even longer, depending on the dosage, the individual’s metabolism, and other factors.
  • Dosage and Potency:
    The potency of edibles can vary significantly, and it can be challenging to determine the exact dose, especially with homemade products. Overconsumption can lead to uncomfortable effects like extreme sedation, paranoia, or nausea. It’s important to start with a low dose, especially for those new to edibles, and wait to understand how they affect you before consuming more.

Because of their delayed onset and prolonged effects, edibles require careful dosing and patience. It’s crucial to read labels carefully, understand the dosage, and be aware of how much you consume to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Growing cannabis at home depends on local laws and regulations, as it’s not legally permitted in all places. If it’s legal in your area, here are general steps and considerations for growing cannabis:

  1. Understand the Law:
    Check local regulations regarding home cultivation, including plant count limits, whether the plants must be kept out of public view, and other specific requirements.
  2. Choose the Right Space:
    Select a suitable space for growing, such as a dedicated room, a tent, or an outdoor garden. Consider factors like light, temperature, humidity, and ventilation.
  3. Selecting Strains:
    Choose cannabis strains suitable for your growing environment and personal preference. Indica, sativa, and hybrid seeds are available in various strains.
  4. Germinating Seeds:
    Cannabis cultivation typically starts with seed germination. This can be done by placing seeds in moistened paper towels or directly in soil.
  5. Soil and Containers:
    Use quality soil and appropriate containers. Ensure good drainage and consider the size of the container as it affects root growth.
  6. Lighting:
    If growing indoors, invest in quality grow lights. The amount of light is crucial and varies between the vegetative and flowering stages.
  7. Watering and Nutrients:
    Regular watering and proper nutrition are essential. The frequency and amount depend on the growth stage and environment.
  8. Climate Control:
    Maintain appropriate temperature and humidity levels. Cannabis plants typically prefer warmer temperatures and moderate humidity.
  9. Monitoring Plant Growth:
    Regularly check your plants for signs of pests, diseases, or nutrient deficiencies. Pruning and training the plants can improve yield.
  10. Flowering and Harvesting:
    Once the plants start flowering, they require different care. After flowering, monitor the buds to determine the right time to harvest.
  11. Drying and Curing:
    After harvesting, dry the buds slowly, then cure them in jars to develop their flavors and aromas.

Remember, successful cannabis cultivation requires attention to detail, patience, and ongoing learning. It’s also important to maintain discretion and ensure safety, especially if there are minors present in the home.

Cannabis can be addictive, but its addictive potential is generally considered to be lower than many other substances, both legal and illegal. The risk of addiction depends on several factors:

  • Frequency of Use:
    Regular, heavy use of cannabis increases the risk of developing a dependency.
  • Age of First Use:
    Starting cannabis use at a younger age, especially during adolescence when the brain is still developing, can increase the likelihood of addiction.
  • Potency of Cannabis:
    Higher THC levels in certain strains of cannabis might contribute to a greater risk of dependency.
  • Personal Factors:
    Individual factors such as genetics, mental health status, and presence of other substance use disorders can influence addiction risk.

The condition of being addicted to cannabis is often referred to as Cannabis Use Disorder. Symptoms can include craving cannabis, experiencing withdrawal symptoms (like irritability, mood swings, sleep difficulties, and decreased appetite) when not using it, and continuing to use it despite negative consequences.

It’s important to note that not everyone who uses cannabis becomes addicted. Many people use cannabis without developing dependency or major adverse effects. However, recognizing the signs of problematic use and seeking help if cannabis use begins to negatively impact daily life is important.

Cannabis is increasingly being explored for its potential benefits in cancer treatment, primarily for symptom management and improving the quality of life for cancer patients. It’s important to note that while cannabis may help with certain aspects of cancer treatment, it is not a cure for cancer. Key areas where cannabis can be beneficial include:

  • Pain Management:
    Cannabis, especially strains high in THC, has been found effective in managing pain, including cancer-related pain that might not respond well to traditional painkillers.
  • Nausea and Vomiting:
    Medical cannabis is often used to alleviate nausea and vomiting, common side effects of chemotherapy.
  • Appetite Stimulation:
    Cannabis can help stimulate appetite in cancer patients, which is beneficial for those struggling with weight loss or a lack of appetite due to chemotherapy or the cancer itself.
  • Mood and Sleep:
    Cannabis may help improve mood and aid in sleep, contributing to better overall quality of life for cancer patients.
  • Potential Anticancer Properties:
    Some studies suggest that certain cannabinoids might have anticancer properties. However, this research is still in its early stages, and more clinical trials are needed to understand the effectiveness and safety of cannabis in this context.

It’s critical for cancer patients considering cannabis as part of their treatment to consult with their healthcare provider. This ensures that they receive comprehensive care and advice on how cannabis can fit into their overall treatment plan, considering any potential interactions with other cancer treatments.

Dosing cannabis, particularly in edible form, requires careful consideration due to its delayed onset and prolonged effects. Here are some guidelines for dosing cannabis edibles:

  1. Start Low and Go Slow:
    For beginners, the recommended starting dose is usually a low amount, typically around 5-10 milligrams of THC. It’s important to start with a small dose and wait to see the effects before consuming more.
  2. Understand Potency:
    Be aware of the THC content in the edible product. The potency can vary significantly, so it’s essential to read the product label for THC milligrams per serving.
  3. Wait for Effects:
    Edibles can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to take effect. The delayed onset can lead to overconsumption if more is taken thinking the initial dose was insufficient.
  4. Consider Individual Factors:
    Factors like body weight, metabolism, tolerance level, and individual sensitivity to THC can affect how you respond to edibles. What works for one person may not work for another.
  5. Consistency:
    If using edibles for medicinal purposes, maintaining a consistent dosing schedule can be helpful. Keeping a journal to track doses and effects can aid in finding the optimal dose.
  6. Be Cautious with Homemade Edibles:
    Homemade edibles can have unpredictable potencies. If you’re preparing your own, use caution in how much cannabis you include, and be mindful of the distribution of cannabis throughout the product.
  7. Avoid Mixing with Alcohol:
    Mixing cannabis, especially edibles, with alcohol can intensify the effects and may lead to an uncomfortable experience.
  8. Be Patient and Safe:
    If you don’t feel the effects immediately, be patient. Avoid the temptation to take more too soon to prevent uncomfortable or overwhelming experiences.

Remember, the key to dosing cannabis, especially with edibles, is starting with a small amount and waiting to see how you feel over a couple of hours before considering taking more.

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